Pharaoh ant is a small yellow or light brown

The Pharaoh ants are small ants, measuring from 1.5 to 2 mm (1/16th to 1/12th an inch) in size. The workers are all one size (monomorphic). The colour of Pharaoh ants colour varies from golden yellow to reddish. Pharaoh ants originated in and derive from the tropics, meaning they cannot survive outside in Canada year round.

Scientific Name – Monomorium pharaonis

Life cycle and habits

The pharaoh ant queen can lay hundreds of eggs in her lifetime. Most lay 10 to 12 eggs per batch in the early days of egg production and only four to seven eggs per batch later. At 27 °C (80 °F) and 80 percent relative humidity, eggs hatch in five to seven days. The larval period is 18 to 19 days, pre pupal period three days and pupal period nine days. About four more days are required to produce sexual female and male forms. From egg to maturity takes about 38 to 45 days depending on temperature and relative humidity. They breed continuously throughout the year in heated buildings and mating occurs in the nest. Mature colonies contain several queens, winged males, workers, eggs, larvae, pre pupae and pupae.

The Pharaoh ant is polygynous, meaning its colonies contain many queens (up to 200). An individual colony normally contains 1,000-2,500 workers but a high density of nests gives the impression of massive colonies. Colonies also lack nest mate recognition so there is no hostility between neighboring colonies, which is known as unicoloniality. They produce sexually reproductive individuals roughly twice a year in established colonies but in the laboratory colonies can be manipulated to produce sexual at any time of year. Colonies proliferate by “budding”, where a subset of the colony including queens, workers and brood (eggs, larvae and pupae) leave the main colony for an alternative nest site. Budding is a major factor underlying the invasiveness of Pharaoh ants. A single seed colony can populate a large office block, almost to the exclusion of all other insect pests, in less than six months. Elimination and control are made difficult because multiple colonies can also consolidate into smaller colonies and “weather the storm” of a baiting programme only to repopulate when baiting is withdrawn. Pharaoh ants are a major hazard in hospitals, where their small size means they can access wounds, drip lines, and instrumentation, causing the spread of infection and electrical interference.Females mate and procreate in the nest. The new colonies of Pharaoh ants are formed by budding. In budding process, the part of the main colony moves to a new location, and the number of ants in one colony may be up to hundreds of thousands. A female produces 350-400 eggs in her whole lifetime. Normally, the life cycle is completed in 38 to 45 days. The life span of workers is approximately nine to ten weeks, while queens live four to twelve months.

Occurrence

Pharaoh ants nest in a wide variety of locations within a structure. It is very difficult to control and locate them. It is essential to look near sources of water and food to locate them. Normally, they nest in warm, hard to reach areas such as walls, splash boards of kitchen counter tops and in wall sockets. Pharaoh ants have become a serious pest in hospitals, rest homes, apartment dwellings, hotels, grocery stores, food establishments and other buildings. They feed on a wide variety of foods including jellies, honey, shortening, peanut butter, corn syrup, fruit juices, baked goods, soft drinks, greases, dead insects and even shoe polish. They can also gnaw holes in silk, rayon and rubber goods.Pharaoh ants prefer meats or greases, but will also feed on sugar syrups and jellies.

Control

It is essential that Pharaoh ants are treated by using protein and sugar baits placed as close as possible to the nest areas.Renewing the baits once or twice may be necessary. It is recommended not to exterminate using sprays and dusts because they will cause the pharaoh ants to scatter. Proper cleaning of a dwelling also helps to minimize the infestation.

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Local Certified Pest Experts – Canada

Non Toxic Treatment for Bed Bugs Control

The Cryonite System uses very low temperatures to kill insects. Insects are frozen using carbon dioxide “snow”. There are no insecticides and there is no residue build-up, so no risk of toxic or allergic reactions.

The carbon dioxide used is a by-product of an industrial process, so using it adds no extra carbon dioxide to the atmosphere.

Dry ice (-78°C) is discharged by a patented nozzle at optimal particle size and stream velocity.

This technology is internationally proven and thoroughly tested.

What “Just Freeze” can do:

  • Kills bed bugs immediately on contact
  • 100 % effective, no development of resistance
  • Eliminates all life stages including eggs and larvae
  • Effective against other insects as well as mites and fleas
  • Completely non-toxic and non-allergic
  • Hygienic, no odours or fumes, no liquid residues
  • Non-staining of paint, plastic or wood
  • Safe to use on all surfaces including electronic devices
  • No clean-up – can come in direct contact with beds, linen, tabletops, TVs, etc.
  • Very little downtime for your hotel room – it’s available straight after treatment
  • Your business can continue to operate and your revenue won’t be affected
  • Diatomaceous Earth applied after treatment provides non-toxic residual protection

This will be a seamless treatment! (Who we can “Just Freeze”:)

  • “Just Freeze” is the perfect pest control method for the hospitality industry, the food industry, in hospitals, rest homes, kindergartens and schools.
  • Work areas (including food preparation areas) can be treated while still in use!
  • Hospital beds can be treated while the patient is still in them!
  • Safe to use around electrical equipment!
  • Excellent for kitchens with corners and in-built machinery.
  • Reduces the need for fumigation of equipment or production areas, when used regularly as a component of your sanitation cycle!
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Bed Bug Get Them Out and Keep Them OutBed Bug Control and Removal Services in Toronto, Windsor & Bradford

We specialize in 100% Guaranteed Bed Bug Extermination. MKPC has been exterminating bed bugs in Toronto, Windsor, Bradford & the whole Ontario.

Bedbugs, or bed bugs, are small insects that prefer to feed on human blood. Bed bugs, though not strictly nocturnal, are mainly active at night and are capable of feeding unnoticed on their hosts. They have however been known by a variety of names including wall louse, mahogany flat, crimson rambler, heavy dragoon, chinches and redcoat. Bed bugs cause a number of health effects such as skin rashes, psychological effects and allergic symptoms.

In the early 1940s bedbugs were largely eradicated as pests in the developed world. However this problem has increased in prevalence since about 1995. Because infestation of human habitats has been on the increase, bed bug bites and related conditions have been on the rise as well. The exact causes of this resurgence remain unclear; it is variously ascribed to greater foreign travel, more frequent exchange of second-hand furnishings among homes, a greater focus on control of other pests resulting in neglect of bed bug countermeasures, and increasing resistance to pesticides. Bed bugs have been known human parasites for thousands of years.

Physical (Adult bedbugs are reddish-brown)

Adult bedbugs are reddish-brown, flattened, oval and wingless. Bed bugs have microscopic hairs that give them a banded appearance. Adults grow to 4-5 mm in length and 1.5-3 mm wide. Newly hatched nymphs are translucent, lighter in color and become browner as they moult and reach maturity. Bed bugs may be mistaken for other insects such as booklice and carpet beetles, or vice-versa.

Habitat (Bed bugs can survive a wide range of temperatures)

Bed bugs can survive a wide range of temperatures and atmospheric compositions. Below 16.1 °C (61.0 °F), adults enter semi-hibernation and can survive longer. Bed bugs can survive for at least five days at -10 °C (14.0 °F) but will die after 15 minutes of exposure to -32 °C (-26 °F). They show high desiccation tolerance, surviving low humidity and a 35-40 °C range even with loss of one-third of body weight; earlier life stages are more susceptible to drying out than later ones The thermal death point for C. lectularius is high: 45 °C (113 °F), and all stages of life are killed by 7 minutes of exposure to 46 °C (115 °F) Bed bugs apparently cannot survive high concentrations of carbon dioxide for very long; exposure to nearly-pure nitrogen atmospheres, however, appears to have relatively little effect even after 72 hours.

Infestation Cause (Any dwellings can become infested with bed bugs)

Any dwellings can become infested with bed bugs in a variety of ways.

a).Bugs and eggs that “hitchhiked in” on pets, or on clothing and luggage.
b). Infested items (such as furniture or clothing) brought in.
c).Nearby dwellings or infested items, if there are easy routes (through duct work or false ceilings)
d).Wild animals (such as bats or birds
e).People visiting from a source of infestation; bedbugs, like roaches, are transferred by clothing, luggage, or a person’s body.

Feeding habits

Bed bugs are obligatory hematophagous (bloodsucking) insects. Most species feed on humans only when other preys are unavailable. Bed bugs are attracted to their hosts primarily by carbon dioxide, secondarily by warmth, and also by certain chemicals.

After feeding for about five minutes, the bug returns to its hiding place. It takes between five to ten minutes for a bedbug to become completely engorged with blood. “Although bedbugs can live for a year without feeding, they normally try to feed every five to ten days. In cold weather, bedbugs can live for about a year; at temperatures more conducive to activity and feeding, about 5 months.

Health effects and infestations

A number of health effects may occur due to bedbugs including skin rashes, psychological effects and allergic symptoms. Although bed bugs are able to be infected by at least 28 human pathogens, no study has ever found that the insect is able to transmit the pathogen to a human being. Bed bug bites or cimicosis may lead to a range of skin manifestations from no visible effects to prominent blisters.

Bed bugs Detection

Engorged female bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) with eggs, discovered in the screw hole of a wooden bed frame .Bed bugs are elusive and usually nocturnal, which can make them hard to spot. Bed bugs often lodge unnoticed in dark crevices, and eggs can be nestled in fabric seams. Aside from bite symptoms, signs include fecal spots, blood smears on sheets, and moults.

Bed bugs can be found on their own but often congregate once established. They usually remain close to hosts, commonly in or near beds or couches. Nesting locations can vary greatly, however, including luggage, vehicles, furniture and bedside clutter. Bed bugs may also nest near animals that have nested within a dwelling, such as bats, birds, or rodents. The eggs of bed bugs are found in similar places that the bed bugs themselves are found and are attached to surfaces by a sticky substance.

Control Bed Bugs

Carbon dioxide snow (“dry ice” snow) is very cold, about -108°F (-78°C). But being cold does not necessarily mean being able to cool. Or, put another way: big temperature difference is not the same as high energy transfer. The snow that is produced by a fire extinguisher, has of course another goal than freezing tiny bugs. It is therefore of a very different quality. Compared to Cryonite snow, the particle size is big, and the particle speed is slow. Regarding killing bugs, it simply cannot get the work done. (We might as well admit here that Cryonite is a lousy fire extinguisher).

The Cryonite effect – the rapid freezing – is dependent on a certain mix of particle sizes and speeds. The cooling occurs in several phases, where each phase has an optimal combination of a particle size and speed, for attaining maximum cooling rate. Having somewhat bigger particles in the mix, makes the particle-stream efficacious also at longer ranges, and in warmer surroundings.>The speed helps the penetration deep into thin cracks and crevices, in buildings as well as in machines, and also hurtles them through long pipes.But the speed is also an integral part of the freezing itself.

For the energy transfer to be efficient, the ice-particles need contact with the target (bug or surface). A high speed makes for a good, contact-making impact on the target.

Metro King Pest Control Inc. is committed to make your dwelling bed bugs free by adopting special CRYONITE technique.

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Pest Control Services Procedure

Metro King Pest Control Inc. (MKPC) has a very lucid policy to provide pest control services to all our valuable clients. Both Metro King Pest Control Inc. and the clients are requested to follow the below mentioned terms and conditions for the effective pest control treatment.

Metro King Pest Control Inc. will provide written or verbal information about the treatment method and pesticides used during the pest control programme to the client.

Clients are bound to prepare their site to be treated according to these instructions. Otherwise Metro King Pest Control Inc. will not be responsible for the failure of Pest Management treatment or for any sickness, property damage of any kind, bodily harm/injury, or death of human/pets. In case of rental properties like rental houses, apartment buildings and all other rental units, the clients will be personally responsible for all their tenants, occupants and visitors to enforce and comply with all the explained terms and conditions.

Metro King Pest Control Inc. will keep all the personal and credit related information provided by the client confidential and secure. Metro King Pest Control Inc. will not share this information to any other company, organization or agency for any reason. Click on bellow images to see in large Size

client has a full right to know about the pesticide used during the pest management programme and their effects.

Metro King Pest Control Inc. believes in safe, environment friendly and result oriented pest control services. We offer guaranteed pest solutions to our clients. The clients will follow all the instructions given by the exterminator/pest control technician during the guarantee period, otherwise the guarantee will not be effective.

If the clients want to cancel / reschedule the appointment they will inform Metro King Pest Control Inc. 24 hours before the due date and time. Otherwise Metro King Pest Control Inc. will charge 50% of the total amount of service from the client.

It is the moral duty of the client to pass on all the correct information about the infestation to the exterminator for receive a effective treatment.

Client will get a quotation and agreed upon rates for all kind of pest control services and is bound to pay as per terms and conditions after the service. In case of cheque payments, if the cheque is returned by the client’s bank for any reason, the customer will pay an extra $ 35 fee to Metro King Pest Control Inc.

After the treatment client will be personally responsible to take care of all the exterior/interior bait stations, traps and all other tools used during the treatment.

Metro King Pest Control Inc. only uses registered/recommended pesticide for all types of pest treatment. The customers are requested not to touch, eat or misplaced the pesticide used during the treatment. Otherwise Metro King Pest control Inc. will not be responsible for failure of pest management program or for any sickness, bodily harm /injury or death of human/pets. The Customer will be responsible for all occupants, tenants and visitors to enforce and comply with all terms and conditions. Metro King Pest Control Inc. shall have no liability for any direct, indirect, special or consequential damages arising in connection with service including any food left or storage on the

We achieve guaranteed 100% results in pest elimination by using all scientific and modern pest management techniques like Integrated Pest Management (IPM).

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Industrial Pest Control Services

Metro King Pest Control Inc., also hs special offers for industrial sectors. We service warehousesstorage areas and other industrial units at very affordable rates.

Rodents are a big problem in all the storage areas and warehouses. They destroy the stored material and cause heavy damage to the property. Metro King Pest Control Inc. has special rodent protection programs for industrial units.

We achieve guaranteed 100% results in pest elimination by using all scientific and modern pest management techniques like Integrated Pest Management (IPM).

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Residential Pest Control Services – Windsor

In the residential sector, we provide pest control services to

houses, apartment buildings, condominium buildings and town houses.

We eliminate all kinds of pests such as bed bugs, cockroaches, micefliesbirdsants, wasps, bees, raccoons, skunks, squirrels, hornets, silver fish and all other pests.

Cockroach, bed bug and mice have become a serious problem in apartment buildings, houses and motels. MKPC has guaranteed solution for all these nasty pests.

Now there is no need to garbage your costly furniture and other items as MKPC is committed to making your property pest free by adopting very safe, effective and environment friendly pest control treatment at a very affordable price.

We achieve guaranteed 100% results in pest elimination by using all scientific and modern pest management techniques like Integrated Pest Management (IPM).

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Pest Control Services Procedure

Metro King Pest Control Inc. will provide written or verbal information about the treatment method and pesticides used during the pest control programme to the client.

Metro King Pest Control Inc. will keep all the personal and credit related information provided by the client confidential and secure. Metro King Pest Control Inc. will not share this information to any other company, organization or agency for any reason.

We achieve guaranteed 100% results in pest elimination by using all scientific and modern pest management techniques like Integrated Pest Management (IPM).

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Consistent & Reliable Pest Control Services across Ontario

Metro King Pest Control Inc. is a Canadian owned and operated company rendering excellent pest control services to residential, industrial and commercial sectors of Ontario. We achieve guaranteed 100% results in pest elimination by using all scientific and modern pest management techniques like Integrated Pest Management (IPM).

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Pest Library – Metro King Pest Control Inc ®

Learn to identify common pests – understand their diets, habits and find effective ways to control them.

MKPC’s Pest Library can help you identify and learn about different pests that you may have spotted in your house or commercial buildings. You may understand what damages they can do and how you may safeguard against them.

Our Pest Library provides you with information on the most common pests found in households or commercial buildings. If you’re seeking to learn more about the preventative methods or action plans, you may contact our specialists.

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Bed Bugs Treatment in Toronto

Bed bugs Suck! Blood – Acne – Disease

Bed bugs are nocturnal insects that feed on human blood. Normally, bed bugs are active prior to dawn and generally found living either on, or close to a bed or human sleeping place.

Metro King Pest Control Inc. professionals are specialized to eradicate bed bugs infestation. We identify areas of infestation with modern tools and techniques. Metro King Pest Control Inc. has a complete solution to eradicate bed bug problems in your home. If you do have bed bugs, don’t be panic. The solution is just a call away. Our unique bed bugs treatment programme usually eliminates the bugs in a single treatment if you are fully prepared for the treatment. We use Integrated Pest management (IPM) to control the bed bugs infestation.

If you run a hotel, or motel, you know the importance of getting any rooms back in service as quickly as possible. Our bed bugstreatment programme has been developed with your businesses in mind. It is quick and minimises the use of chemicals, making it more environmentally-friendly.

Our targeted approach means that in many cases we eradicate the problem on the first visit and so you can get the rooms back in service in just a couple of hours. Metro King Pest Control Inc. offers a monitoring service to minimise the likelihood of a re-infestation and keep your rooms in service.

We achieve guaranteed 100% results in pest elimination by using all scientific and modern pest management techniques like Integrated Pest Management (IPM).

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